Fear of criminal sanctioning based on the philosophy

QUESTION
AUG 20, 2019

The rational choice view is based on the premise that humans are rational, reasoning, and self-interested.

The rational choice view is based on the premise that humans are rational, reasoning, and self-interested.

This view maintains that if people do not fear the consequences of their crimes, they are likely to violate the law. A basic premise of this school of thought is that if the real, or perceived, threat of criminal punishment is increased, then crime can be controlled.

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Crime control policies that depend on fear of criminal sanctioning are based on the philosophy of general deterrence. Such policies are also based on the assumption that the perception of retribution can be as real a deterrent as the actual certainty of the punishment.

Let’s review a few concepts before you make a decision about this scenario.

  1. The foundation of the rational choice view is based on a famous equation: the greater the severity, certainty, and speed of legal sanctioning, the less likely people will be to commit crime. Which person introduced this equation to criminal justice?

A. Jeremy Bentham

B. Edwin Sutherland

C. Cesare Beccaria

D. James Q. Wilcon

2) Let’s suppose that when police are called to the scene of a fight between drunk fraternity brothers, they choose to arrest some of the drunken brawlers and let others go with a warning. If those who get arrested are less likely to repeat the offense, compared to those who got a warning, arrest is said to produce a _____.

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