Fluoride, being an essential element, is important for teeth and bones. They help in the mineralization of the bones. The actions of fluoride on dental health are as follows:
It prevents tooth plaque formation, which causes a gum disease called Gingivitis.
It causes the strengthening of the enamel layer present in the tooth and prevents its decay.
It helps in reducing the incidence of cavity formation.
In the case of cavities and dental caries, the dentists suggest mouth rinsing, which contains fluorine in a concentration higher than normal because it helps to remineralize the tooth and thus treat the pain and problem.
The most common use of fluorides in dentistry is due to the fact that fluorine helps in the prevention of the growth of harmful bacteria in the mouth, which are potentially able to cause serious tooth decay.
Tooth decay is caused when the carbohydrates and sugars present in the mouth are digested by the bacteria present in the mouth. It causes the secretion of acids which react with the enamel of the tooth and causes its de-mineralization. Enamel is the hardest known element in the human body but becomes susceptible to cavities after the action of oral bacteria. The action of fluorides on bone health is limited to mineralization. It has potential effects on the bone formation process.
Recommended Dietary Allowance of Fluoride
The fluorine is crucial as well as dangerous with some irreversible effects on the body; the intake is defined by Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) value for infants under the age group of 0 to 6 months is 0.01 milligrams per day. For infants who lie under the age group of 7 to 12 months, the recommended dietary allowance is 0.5 milligrams per day. For children under the age group 1 to 3 years, the RDA value is 0.7 milligrams per day [mg/day]. For children from 4 to 8 years, the recommended dietary allowance is 1mg/day. For children from 9 to 13 years, the intake is supposed to be within 2mg/day. For adults, the fluoride RDA is different for the same-aged males and females due to their different needs for the elements. The body of males requires more fluoride than females due to their skeletal needs for the mineralization of bones. The males who come under the age group of 14 to 18 years need almost 3.0 mg/day fluoride. The females who are 14 years or above require 3.0 mg/day fluoride. This exemplifies that all the females above 14 years of age are under the same category. The males that are above 18 years require 4mg/day.
Health Issues Related to Fluoride
The water in some areas has a very high value of fluoride present in it. This results in excess fluoride in soil, which is absorbed by the crops and vegetables grown in these areas; because of this reason, the major population of these areas suffers from fluoride toxicity.
Dental fluorosis: Consumption of excess fluoride leads to dental fluorosis. White spots are seen on the surface of the teeth. It does not harm the tooth and gums. This is more common among children under the age group of 8 years because they use excess toothpaste for its taste and flavor. Toothpaste tends to decay the enamel layer of the tooth.
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