National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research

Grant Proposal First Draft
Anthony Yacoub
University of California, Irvine
Public Health 195W
Professor Gideonse
4 May 2021
Organizational Information
The National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR) has a mission to
improve oral, dental, and craniofacial health based on its research, training, and intervention
programs. The institute aims to accomplish this mission by supporting clinical research on oral
hygiene and conducting and funding research training that enables career development.
Furthermore, the research institute coordinates and assists in relevant research and related
activities in all sectors of community research and promotes transferring knowledge from the
study conducted, including its implications on public health, health professionals, policymakers,
and researchers (NIH, 2020).
NIDCR launched its 2030 goal in 2017. It envisioned an initiative to imagine a future
where most of the population understood dental, oral, and craniofacial health and its context on
how these aspects impacted an individual’s overall health. Besides, this initiative aims to promote
health, treat oral-related diseases, and propose overcoming health disparities. Because of the
necessity of this intervention program, NIDCR seeks help to develop and fund the 2020-2025
strategic plan (NIH, 2020). This strategic plan will guide the funding for the institute for the next
half-decade. In this case, strategic planning involves establishing priorities, setting
straightforward goals, and detailing the actions necessary to achieve set goals (NIH, 2020). The
NIDCR plan consists of focusing resources and energy on attaining common set goals with
agreed outcomes. NIDCR established five priority sections for the strategic plan, including oral
and overall health, precision oral health, regenerative medicine, health disparities, and a diverse
workforce (NIH, 2020). The institute also released a Request for Information (RFI) to solicit
feedback on these priority sectors to create an initiative to help accomplish the objectives.
Statement of Need
Oral hygiene begins with having clean teeth, having an awareness of daily habits, and
having proper dental care routines. Therefore, oral health care is significant because it lowers the
risk of developing diseases such as cavities, periodontal disease, gingivitis, cracked tooth
syndrome, bruxism-related conditions, among others (Coseo, 2020). Healthy oral practices allow
individuals to smell better, taste, chew, swallow, speak, and smile confidently.
Numerous oral conditions affect both children and adults. While some situations may be minor,
others can be significantly serious and result in health complications with time. Some of these
conditions include (WHO, 2020);
· Bruxism- this condition causes excessive teeth grinding, especially when asleep.
· Bad breath- also known as halitosis, this condition is characterized by chronic bad
breath.
· Dry mouth is a condition where salivary glands do not produce enough saliva and are
also known as xerostomia.
· Toothaches- this condition is characterized by pain near or in a tooth and is typically a
consequence of tooth decay or abscess.
· Cracked teeth- this condition involves having minor to severe cracks in teeth often
caused by bruxism, an injury, among other factors.
· Tooth sensitivity- this condition involves a tooth being sensitive to hot, cold, or sweet
substances
· Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction- this condition causes significant pain in the
jaws.
· Mouth Breathing- this condition results in an individual regularly breathing through
their mouth in their sleep.
· Gum recession- this condition is where gums begin to pull back from the teeth, which
exposes the tooth or the root of the tooth.
· Burning mouth- this condition is a consistent burning or tingling sensation in the
mouth.
· Gingival Hyperplasia- this condition is the overgrowth of the gum tissue around the
teeth.
Furthermore, there are various oral diseases. Oral diseases are considerably more severe
than oral conditions, where when left untreated, they can cause tooth loss or permanent damage
to the surrounding areas. Some of the oral diseases include (WHO, 2020);
· Gingivitis- this disease is an irreversible minor gum disease.
· Periodontal disease- a severe gum disease that often results in permanent loss of bone.
· Cavities- this disease is tooth decay, whether minor or significant.
· Oral thrush- this disease is a yeast infection of the mouth.
· Dental Abscess- a pocket of pus in a tooth.
· Oral cancer- a form of cancer affecting the mouth or throat.
Excessive alcohol consumption, tobacco use, and unhealthy eating habits can cause oral
health to deteriorate over time. While general health conditions can typically worsen existing
oral health situations, poor oral hygiene has been a risk factor for several issues. One of the risk
factors of poor oral health is heart disease. Diseases such as gingivitis, when left untreated,
become periodontal disease. This gum disease links to increased rates of cardiovascular disease
because bad oral hygiene increases the risk of developing a bacterial infection that can reach the
bloodstream and spread to the heart valves (Coseo, 2020).
Furthermore, with untreated oral diseases, individuals risk developing chronic diseases
such as diabetes or increasing the risk of getting a stroke with age. Poor dental hygiene also
results in a weakened immune system, which increases the probability of developing infections,
illnesses, and diseases. Therefore, because of the adverse effects of neglected oral health, this
proposal by the NIDCR is necessary to create awareness on matters of oral hygiene and its
impacts on individuals, families, and the community.
Project Description
According to WHO (2021), the threat of non-communicable diseases and the need to
provide urgent and efficient public health responses led to the formulation of a global strategy to
control and prevent these diseases. Similarly, the NIDCR aims to create designs for intervention
on oral health and oral diseases. The institute will prioritize diseases linked by common,
preventable, and lifestyle-related risk factors such as tobacco use or unhealthy diet. There is a
relatively high risk of oral disease relating to socio-cultural determinants, including low income,
low education levels, beliefs, and culture supporting oral health. According to Mejia et al.
(2018), socioeconomic status has long been an area of interest in its effect on oral health. A
majority of the evidence indicates that socioeconomic inequalities are typically associated with
oral health status, both subjectively and objectively (Mejia et al., 2018). Therefore, it is
necessary to monitor social inequalities and disparities in oral health to provide information on
the differences populations face, their oral hygiene needs, oral health priorities, and preventive
practices. Besides, previous studies demonstrate that socioeconomic positioning is negatively
associated with oral health and dental diseases. The higher the income a family has, the better
equipped they are to have information and experience fewer oral hygiene and dental conditions.
In addition, education and income become significantly relevant indicators used in the
epidemiology for socioeconomic status measurement, according to Mejia et al. (2018). Oral
health counts as a constituent of general health, relying on subjective perceptions, while disease
measurement utilizes objective indicators. Also, communities or regions with irregular exposure
to fluorides are at an increased risk of dental cavities. At the same time, the settings with poor
access to safe drinking water or sanitary facilities pose environmental risk factors to both oral
and general health (S & M, 2021). Also, controlling oral diseases significantly depends on the
accessibility and availability of oral health systems. However, reducing risks to oral disease is
only plausible if there is an orientation of services towards prevention. Further to the
socio-environmental aspects, this model emphasizes the role of intermediate and modifiable risk
behaviors such as oral health practices, diet, and alcohol and substance use (S & M, 2021). These
behaviors may affect not only the overall oral hygiene of individuals but also their quality of life.
Clinical and public health research indicates that individual, professional, and community
preventive measures are efficient in preventing oral diseases (WHO, 2021). However, the
optimal intervention measures for oral diseases are not available universally, nor is it affordable
because of the costs associated with dental health and limited resources. Coupled with the lack of
emphasis on primary prevention measures for oral diseases, there is a significant challenge for
many communities, especially for communities in low-income settlements that cannot access
such services. A considerable portion of the evidence relates to preventing dental cavities and
controlling periodontal diseases (WHO, 2021). Prevention of gingivitis is possible using proper
oral hygiene practices, including regular brushing and flossing. These procedures are also
valuable for controlling periodontal lesions, according to WHO (2021). Furthermore, an
initiative such as community water fluoridation is an effective method of preventing dental
cavities for adults and children. Water fluoridation works to benefit the community in its entirety
by supplying water regardless of socioeconomic status.
Milk and salt fluoridation schemes also have similar effects on dental health when used
as preventive programs for communities. Therefore, both individual and professional measures
such as fluoride mouth rinses, gels, kinds of toothpaste, and use of dental sealants are additional
methods of prevention of dental cavities (Oberoi et al., 2016). In several communities, poor
income communities, the introduction of fluoridated toothpaste has been a valuable strategy,
which has ensured that individuals remain appropriately exposed to fluorides. Therefore,
individuals can take personal actions for themselves and their families to prevent dental diseases
and maintain hygiene. Combined with proper nutrition and diet, the primary prevention of most
oral, dental, and craniofacial diseases is achievable. Lifestyle habits such as tobacco use, poor
dietary choices, and excessive alcohol consumption affect dental hygiene and have significant
effects on general health. Such behaviors are also associated with an increased risk of congenital
craniofacial disabilities, periodontal diseases, dental cavities, oral candidiasis, pharyngeal
cancers, among others (Oberoi et al., 2016).
Also, opportunities exist to further expand the prevention of oral disease and promote
health information and practices to the public using community programs and healthcare settings
(WHO, 2021). As oral health care providers, the institute plays a significant role in promoting
healthy lifestyles by incorporating tobacco cessation programs and utilizing nutrition counseling
in daily practices (WHO, 2021). However, there exist some essential oral health disparities
across various regions. These disparities typically relate to socioeconomic status, ethnicity, and
race, age, gender, or in some cases, the status of general health, according to WHO (2021).
While specific dental diseases are preventable, there is evidence that not all community members
are adequately informed or are in a position to benefit from measures for appropriate health
promotion. In this instance, the underserved communities and populations are evident in both
developed and developing countries. However, in most countries, oral healthcare lacks full
integration into the community and national programs, according to WHO (2021).
The strategies for intervention for oral health care involve utilizing intervention tools to
increase awareness about oral diseases and conditions and promote oral health habits among
community members (Mo Gov, 2021). NIDCR aims to use campaigns and promotions on media
outlets such as television and radio, and other modes of communication, including issuing
brochures with intervention messages. Furthermore, with public figures or celebrity figures, the
institute can endorse oral hygiene, diseases, conditions, and treatment options. Therefore, the
institute must utilize consistent messages across these various communication channels to ensure
the public remains aware. According to Mo Gov (2021), these oral health campaigns and
promotions can increase awareness of the health risks of oral diseases and conditions and
highlight their association with other health conditions. Furthermore, these campaigns aim to
promote behavioral changes, reduce the risk of oral infections and diseases, and improve the
knowledge and skills related to the benefits or challenges of proper habits for dental care. These
campaigns also aim to change community norms by encouraging protective mouth gear for
sports, reducing sugar and alcohol consumption, and ceasing tobacco use.
The significant challenges of the future of this intervention program will exist in
translating knowledge and experiences about the prevention of oral diseases into actionable
programs. The social, economic, and cultural factors and the shifting population demographics
rely significantly on delivering oral health services and how individuals care for themselves and
their families. Therefore, reducing the disparities requires a wide range of approaches that target
the high-risk populations for particular oral diseases and improve their access to proper care.
Meanwhile, the most significant challenge for communities in low-income areas is offering oral
health care within the context of primary health programs. These programs aim to meet the basic
health needs of these populations, improve active outreach to the community, facilitate primary
care, and pursue effective referral of patients, according to WHO (2021). Therefore, for these
interventions to be available for communities in the United States, the existing partnerships
require strengthening, especially with non-profit organizations. This participation of numerous
organizations includes collaborating, encouraging community participation, creating policies
towards oral health care reforms, and developing strategies for oral disease control in
communities.
Conclusion
To sum up, oral health is a significant issue in the community that requires addressing.
The NIDCR aims to facilitate intervention programs aimed at reducing oral health conditions and
diseases in communities. These interventions need reforms of oral health systems to change the
focus from invasive treatment options and towards prevention and use of minor treatments. The
NIDCR identified various strategies for improving oral health, focusing on low-income and
marginalized communities who have challenges accessing oral care. These strategies include
population-wide prevention measures that are cost-effective and having patient-centered primary
care. The NIDCR requires help in supporting the proposed interventions to accelerate the impact
on the community. Furthermore, the institute needs support in building capacity to provide
technical assistance to communities, support the population-based strategies of monitoring diet,
and reduce sugar and alcohol consumption. The organization also needs help in providing the aid
for strengthening the oral health systems to become integral to these communities and do not
cause further financial hardships.
References
Coseo, D. (2020). Why is Oral Health Care Important? | NewMouth. NewMouth. Retrieved 4
May 2021, from https://www.newmouth.com/oral-health/.
Mejia, G., Elani, H., Harper, S., Murray Thomson, W., Ju, X., & Kawachi, I. et al. (2018).
Socioeconomic status, oral health and dental disease in Australia, Canada, New
Zealand and the United States. BMC Oral Health, 18(1).
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12903-018-0630-3
Mo Gov. (2021). Oral Health Intrvention. Retrieved 4 May 2021, from
https://health.mo.gov/data/InterventionMICA/OralHealth/CampaignsandPromotions/i
ndex.html.
NIH. (2020). NIDCR. Nidcr.nih.gov. Retrieved 4 May 2021, from
https://www.nidcr.nih.gov/about-us/leadership-staff.
Oberoi, S., Sharma, G., & Oberoi, A. (2016). A cross-sectional survey to assess the effect of
socioeconomic status on the oral hygiene habits. Journal Of Indian Society Of
Periodontology, 20(5), 531. https://doi.org/10.4103/0972-124x.201629
S, S., & M, Z. (2021). Factors Affecting Oral Hygiene and Tooth Brushing in Preschool
Children, Shiraz/Iran. NCBI, 4(2). Retrieved 4 May 2021, from
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5608069/.
WHO. (2020). Oral health. Who.int. Retrieved 4 May 2021, from https://www.who.int/news
-room/fact-sheets/detail/oral-health.
WHO. (2021). WHO | Strategies and approaches in oral disease prevention and health
promotion. Who.int. Retrieved 4 May 2021, from
https://www.who.int/oral_health/strategies/cont/en/.


Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research
Just from $10/Page
Order Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects

Literature

Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.

Finance

Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!

Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.

Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.

Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.

Sociology

Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.

Business

We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!

Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.

Law

Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment Help Service Works

1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2. Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4. Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essay GET A PERFECT SCORE!!! smile and order essay Buy Custom Essay


Place your order
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research

Anthony Yacoub
Professor Gideonese
PH 195W
27 April 2021
National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research
The name of my sub-agency is the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research
(NIDCR) and the name of my selected study section is The Oral, Dental and Craniofacial
Sciences. I chose this sub-agency because it closely ties to my practicum site and lead article
because of the mentioning of dentistry and the projects that I work on with internship. The
projects I work on with my internship deals with oral hygiene which is what this study section
and sub-agency work with. The sub-agency provides leadership for national research to be
designed to help understand, treat, and prevent infectious and inherited craniofacial-oral-dental
diseases that take away many people’s lives. The Oral, Dental and Craniofacial Sciences study
section works a lot with the investigation of teeth and the oral cavity. They deal with the
development of oral hard tissue and enamel. Periodontal bone remodeling and pathogenesis of
oral and dental diseases are also featured. The National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial
Research holds its funding priorities in oral health and overall health. They visioned a plan from
2020-2025 to focus on a future of dental, oral, and craniofacial health and diseases as they are
understood in the context of the whole body. In this case, the specified area of focus for both the
sub-agency and the study section overlap. The study section mentioned also works on various
studies that also relate to the overall health of individuals rather than just focusing strictly on the
oral cavity and the health of the teeth. The National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research
offer grant programs that include: Oral and Comprehensive Health, Oral and Salivary Cancer
Biology, Oral Health Disparities and Inequities, and many others that are oral concentrated as
well as grants that deal with the overall health of an individual. This agency includes a list of
funding opportunities that could easily be found and include application forms for easy access on
the same page. The goal of this agency is clear and the intentions are straightforward as it sets an
aim to advance the nation’s oral health through research and innovation.
State Application Identifier
Applicant Identifier
1. TYPE OF SUBMISSION 4. a. Federal Identifier
5. APPLICANT INFORMATION Organizational DUNS:
Legal Name:
Department: Division:
Street1:
Street2:
City:
State:
Country: ZIP / Postal Code:
Person to be contacted on matters involving this application
First Name: Middle Name:
Last Name: Suffix:
Phone Number: Fax Number:
Email:
6. EMPLOYER IDENTIFICATION (EIN) or (TIN):
7. TYPE OF APPLICANT:
Other (Specify):
Small Business Organization Type Women Owned Socially and Economically Disadvantaged
If Revision, mark appropriate box(es).
9. NAME OF FEDERAL AGENCY:
A. Increase Award B. Decrease Award C. Increase Duration D. Decrease Duration
E. Other (specify):
10. CATALOG OF FEDERAL DOMESTIC ASSISTANCE NUMBER:
Is this application being submitted to other agencies?
TITLE:
11. DESCRIPTIVE TITLE OF APPLICANT’S PROJECT:
2. DATE SUBMITTED
3. DATE RECEIVED BY STATE APPLICATION FOR FEDERAL ASSISTANCE
SF 424 (R&R)
County / Parish:
Province:
Prefix:
What other Agencies?
Pre-application Application Changed/Corrected Application
New Resubmission
Renewal Continuation Revision
Yes No
8. TYPE OF APPLICATION:
OMB Number: 4040-0001
Expiration Date: 12/31/2022
b. Agency Routing Identifier
12. PROPOSED PROJECT:
Start Date Ending Date
13. CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT OF APPLICANT
c. Previous Grants.gov
Tracking ID
Country:
Position/Title:
Province:
County / Parish:
State:
City:
Street2:
Street1:
ZIP / Postal Code:
SF 424 (R&R) APPLICATION FOR FEDERAL ASSISTANCE Page 2
15. ESTIMATED PROJECT FUNDING
a. Total Federal Funds Requested
17. By signing this application, I certify (1) to the statements contained in the list of certifications* and (2) that the statements herein are
true, complete and accurate to the best of my knowledge. I also provide the required assurances * and agree to comply with any resulting
terms if I accept an award. I am aware that any false, fictitious. or fraudulent statements or claims may subject me to criminal, civil, or
administrative penalties. (U.S. Code, Title 18, Section 1001)
19. Authorized Representative
First Name: Middle Name:
Last Name: Suffix:
Position/Title:
Organization:
Department: Division:
Street1:
Street2:
City:
State:
Country: ZIP / Postal Code:
Phone Number: Fax Number:
Email:
Signature of Authorized Representative Date Signed
20. Pre-application
*The list of certifications and assurances, or an Internet site where you may obtain this list, is contained in the announcement or agency specific instructions.
County / Parish:
c. Total Federal & Non-Federal Funds
18. SFLLL (Disclosure of Lobbying Activities) or other Explanatory Documentation
Province:
b. Total Non-Federal Funds
Prefix:
First Name: Middle Name:
Last Name: Suffix:
Position/Title:
Organization Name:
Department: Division:
Street1:
Street2:
City:
Country: ZIP / Postal Code:
Phone Number: Fax Number:
Email:
State:
County / Parish:
Province:
Prefix:
a. YES
b. NO
16. IS APPLICATION SUBJECT TO REVIEW BY STATE EXECUTIVE ORDER
12372 PROCESS?
I agree
Add Attachment Delete Attachment View Attachment
Add Attachment Delete Attachment View Attachment
DATE:
THIS PREAPPLICATION/APPLICATION WAS MADE
AVAILABLE TO THE STATE EXECUTIVE ORDER 12372
PROCESS FOR REVIEW ON:
PROGRAM HAS NOT BEEN SELECTED BY STATE FOR
REVIEW
PROGRAM IS NOT COVERED BY E.O. 12372; OR d. Estimated Program Income
21. Cover Letter Attachment Add Attachment Delete Attachment View Attachment
14. PROJECT DIRECTOR/PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR CONTACT INFORMATION
I. Hypothesis and Specific Aims: The objective of this project is to demonstrate new
methods regarding studies done previously and to work on patient care quality, which is a
common challenge in the sector of health. The aims that the study aims to accomplish are:
A. To increase patients’ safety by using initiatives that are relevant.
B. To implement innovations in the patient’s health care sector.
II. Methodology
A. Study Design
The type of study design that will be used is the cross-sectional study which will include
follow-ups to assess the effects of increasing the safety of patients and innovations in
healthcare. Through follow-ups studies, the results will be more successful.
B. Sample selection
The study will take place in California, United States of America. The individuals to
participate in this study are in-patients and outpatients in Cedars-Sinai Medical center of
15 years and above. A total of 72 patients will be involved in this study.
C. Data Collection
The data will be collected through interviews, observations and questionnaires. The
patients will be given templates with questions regarding the type of care they are facing
and if they are satisfied with it. Moreover, they would be asked to provide suggestions on
how the quality of care they receive can be improved. Observations on how nurses,
doctors and other medical staff care for their patients to find out on what sectors need
improvements.
D. Data Analysis
The data collected from the respondents will be analyzed using the qualitative content
method of analyzing data. Frequencies in which complaints have been said or written by
patients regarding the type of care received will be critically analyzed. Also, suggestions
regarding improvement techniques will be key in analyses. Lengthy or large amounts of
responses will be grouped in codes and summarized into themes and categories, and get
tabulated.
III. Ethics
A. Protection of human subjects
Interests and welfare of the humans that will be involved in this research will be key
in order to reduce the chances of offending them or of risk occurrence. Any risks that
may occur during the research will be assessed, and the steps that are required to
protect the subjects from the risks will be carried out effectively before the beginning
of the research.
B. Consent and confidentiality
The data provided by one respondent will be very confidential for any other
respondent or person apart from the researcher to see. The interview will be carried
out in turns and privately to avoid disclosing information that may be very
confidential to a participant. The questionnaire filled documents will be locked in
secure places.
C. Data sharing
The data obtained from this research will be shared with other researchers. This will
be done through a qualitative method whereby codebooks, transcripts and interview
guides will be used in order to make it possible for others to verify claims rationales
in a certain qualitative study and also to yield new insights.
IV. Timeline
The study will be conducted for a period of one month which is enough to collect all the
necessary information on the possible ways to improve the care provided to patients. The
first week will involve preparation for the study and assembling all the required
materials, and visiting the study site to plan on how the research will be conducted. The
third week will involve information collection and the final week is when data will be
compiled and the results analyzed.


Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research
Just from $10/Page
Order Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects

Literature

Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.

Finance

Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!

Psychology

While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.

Engineering

Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.

Nursing

In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.

Sociology

Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.

Business

We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!

Statistics

We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.

Law

Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment Help Service Works

1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2. Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4. Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essay GET A PERFECT SCORE!!! smile and order essay Buy Custom Essay


Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
$26
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Urgency
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more
error: Content is protected !!
Open chat
1
Need assignment help? You can contact our live agent via WhatsApp using +1 718 717 2861

Feel free to ask questions, clarifications, or discounts available when placing an order.
  +1 718 717 2861           + 44 161 818 7126           [email protected]
 +1 718 717 2861         [email protected]