Nutritional Value and Use of Caledonia Rangiferina as Food
Reindeer lichen has good nutritive values and is used as a thickener in soups and many continental dishes. Sometimes this thickening characteristic of it is used for making pudding and bread. Reindeer lichens are composed of about 94% carbohydrate and the acidic part is 6%. These acidic natures may cause severe pain due to their effects on gastric mucosa and the pain may become severe if taken in large quantity. Henceforth these reindeer lichens are boiled many times in pure water, followed by an alkaline agent like sodium bicarbonates. Edible parts of Cladonia rangiferina: The entire shrub-like reindeer moss is palatable. The thing is that on biting it gives a crunchy and brittle feel and taste bitter. For removal of bitterness, the reindeer moss is soaked in water with the addition of some wood charcoal. Then it is either added to soup, milk, or other food. The crush and boiled reindeer moss or lichen gradually soften and eating in that form often sometimes mixed with raspberries or gooseberries.
Symbiotic Nature of Caledonia Rangiferina With Algae
Cladonia rangiferina being a fungus, with commonly used terminology of reindeer lichen. Henceforth, lichen denotes its association with algae. In this regard, both Cladonia Rangiferina and the algal partner maintain a symbiotic relationship for mutual benefits. Due to this beneficial association of Cladonia and algae, both of them could thrive well. The fungus Cladonia rangiferina provides enough water and minerals required by the algae which are generally photogenic and depends on the process of photosynthesis for its nutritional requirements and survival of both the Cladonia and algal partner of the lichen. It is a vital reason for the survival of lichen for a long time in the absence of water. They simply get dried up with little moisture. In other words, they become dormant to cope with an adverse environment. Whenever they get favorable conditions for growth and multiplication, they start their normal process of symbiotic growth. Therapeutic and other utilities of Cladonia rangiferina:
They are well known for their curative action in the gastrointestinal tract and also have anti-microbial properties to combat digestive tract infection.
It also helps in the treatment or relieving symptoms of the night sweating, as antiemetic or treatment of vomiting either due to pregnancy or due to gastric cause or even due to vertigo and migraine. Its nutritive value is useful as an adjunct therapy for anemia and weakness with debility.
It is of profound use in the perfume industry by producing essential oils with woody scents mixed with a sweet smell of seaweeds.
Due to the characteristic properties of this providing of thickening texture or forming jelly-like substances is used in the diaper making industry to absorb fluid and keep the skin dry. Apart from the above, a variety of compounds have been identified as bioactive from Cladonia rangiferina, including abietane with its subtypes, isopimarane, labdane, sugiol, ontuanhydride, sugiol, montbretol, junicedric acid, atronol, barbatic acid, and condidymic acid. Some of these compounds have some inhibitory actions on certain bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus and microbes belonging to the enterococci group. Exposure to sunlight mediated by the algal partner helps for Ultraviolet ray-B radiation induction and consequent accumulation of and many acids and compounds such as that of usnic acid.
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