The effects of emotional instability and power

Niemann, J., Wisse, B., Rus, D., Van Yperen, N. W. & Sassenberg, K. (2014). Anger and attitudinal reactions to negative feedback: The effects of emotional instability and power. Motivation and Emotion, 38(5)


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The purpose of the research evaluates the value of an individual’s angle, and the stimuli that revokes negative comments and feedback. The aim is to understand and determine the value of information as provided by an individual based on information sort and research conducted by the authors in two research designs.

Research Method:

The research method employed by the researchers focused on the value of information for developing two research designs detailing participation of different individuals. Qualitative research method provided findings on the importance, necessity, of how feedback is influenced by an individual’s emotional stability.

Research Design:

The research designs focused on two studies. Study one considered the emotional instability of the participants, and this applied a closer look on the changes and impacts affecting the value of the research. On the other hand, the second study defined the changes, effects, and performance of participants with power, and how their feedback was influenced.


The sample research included two pilot studies. The initial study focused on the changes of emotional instability as it relates to anger and feedback, and was comprised of 84 participants. The 2nd study focused on the emotional instability of individuals who hold more power, and the study included 24 participants.

Data collection Instruments:

The data collection instruments were based on interviews by conducting cross sectional research that focused on change, and how it influences an individual’s emotional stability, and anger regression. There was also the use of questionnaires in shaping the models of research, which influences changes on an individual, based on the organizational differences.


Based on the results of the two pilot studies, the findings from study one concluded that individuals with negative feedback responses exhibited increased anger in their responses. The second pilot study referenced the effects of individuals who hold more power face increased anger, and emotional instability.

Research Gap:

Emotional instability of leaders is influenced in different manners, and it is important for leaders and managers to develop a stable foundation for highlighting the changes and aspects which meet organizational expectations. A transformation of a leader should focus on the changes, effects, and impacts based on structural development.


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